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Poynting vector in Ansys HFSS

    • Andoni Perez

      I am trying to use HFSS to give an example to my students about poynting vector. The model I am simulating is a simple rectangular waveguide (WR340) of 20 cm long and with an input signal of 2.45 GHz and 1 W. On both sides a wave port is assigned. The poynting vector is calculated in a non-model surface in both ports and in the middle of the waveguide as seen in the image.


      The poynting vector has been calculated using fields calculator tool by selecting the real poynting vector and integrating it on a selected surface. With an input signal of 1 W and ports on both sides, the value of the power through each surface should be exactly 1 W (or a bit less because of losses). However, the evaluated power is 1.019 W on the input port, 1.017 W on the output port and 1.008 W on the middle of the waveguide.

      So I would appreciate if someone could with a me hint why this happens. Thank you all. 

    • Faezeh Ladani
      Ansys Employee

      The simulation most likely needs denser mesh for more accurate field calculator operations. You can start with a dense mesh by doing mesh operations and/or decrease max delta S and enforce more adaptive passes. Also, you can decrease the length of the waveguide as it has a uniform cross section.  

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