General Mechanical

General Mechanical

Topics relate to Mechanical Enterprise, Motion, Additive Print and more

Ansys Gravity v.s. Acceleration

    • Björn Palmqvist

      I just made a model where i wanted to modify my gravitational field.

      I learned that in Ansys, the Acceleration applied to bodies works exactly opposite as you would expect it to. That is that an acceleration in the POSITIVE x-direction causes bodies to move in the NEGATIVE x-direction.

      Can someone explain how this is not just unintuitively, or even plainly wrong defined by Ansys? 

      Don't tell me it is acceleration of the "Domain", since acceleration is by definition defined in an inertial frame of reference.

    • peteroznewman

      Let's say that +X is pointing up. Imagine stepping onto an elevator with a scale to measure force (weight) and a 1 kg mass. When you put the mass on the scale the force shows as 9.8 N when the elevator is at rest.  Now push a button to go up.  The elevator accelerates in the +X direction and the force on the scale increases until the elevator reaches a constant velocity. As the elevator decelerates as it approaches the top floor, the force on the scale decreases until the elevator comes to a stop.

      You could simulate that in Ansys by attaching a 1 kg mass below a spring along the X axis (and translation joint) and request results for the force in the spring. Apply a 9.8 m/s^2 acceleration in the +X direction, the force will be 9.8 N and the spring will stretch. That is like a stationary elevator. Change the acceleration to 15 m/s^2 and the force will be 15 N and the spring will stretch some more. In other words, the upward acceleration (+X) pulls the mass down (-X). That is like the elevator accelerating upward. Change the acceleration to 5 m/s^2 and the force will be 5 N. That is like the elevator decelerating as to approaches the top floor. This makes intuitive sense to me.

      Ansys chose to define Standard Earth Gravity directions by the direction the mass will be pulled, rather than the direction of acceleration because that makes intuitive sense to many people.

    • Jesus Lock


      Thanks for your answer. This is what I am looking for.

      merge fruit

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