This lesson covers the fundamentals of microwave integrated circuits, focusing on microwave engineering. It delves into the field of electrical engineering, dealing with signals having a frequency range. The lesson explains the key aspect of microwave engineering, which is the wavelength of the signal. It also discusses the TEM, TE, and TM waves. The lesson further explains the distributed line effect and how to deal with a circuit with distributed elements. For instance, it uses the example of a long transmission line with series inductance and shunt capacitance to illustrate this concept.

00:15 - Introduction.

01:09 - Wavelength of signals in microwave engineering

05:33 - Propagation with single conductor wavelength and solutions of the Maxwell's laws

08:39 - Discussion on the types of waves in microwave engineering

13:17 - Parallel plate waveguide

17:22 - Explanation of the cutoff frequency and dominant mode

23:08 - Distributed line effect in microwave engineering

30:24 - Propagation constant and characteristic impedance

- Microwave engineering is a field in electrical engineering dealing with signals having a frequency range usually between 1 GHz to 30 GHz.

- The key aspect of microwave engineering is the wavelength of the signal.

- The distributed line effect is a prominent feature of microwave engineering.

- The propagation constant and characteristic impedance completely characterize a transmission line.

- The complex power transmitted in a circuit can be calculated, which includes the real power component and the imaginary power or stored power.